# Predicted Manufacturing Expenditure Ratio

The Definitive Example of a Factory Overhead Rate Budget

Calculate the final price of your goods or services using the budgeted factory-overhead rate.

When estimating fixed costs, like those found in budgeting and planning, actual factory overhead rates must be substituted with budgeted rates. Factory overhead rates are frequently referred to as budgeted rates or planned rates.

Why Does It Matter That a Business Know Its Budgeted Factory-Overhead Rate?

Knowing the factory overhead rate planned for the year is critical for any business to make reliable projections.

Factory overhead rates are budgeted so that marketing and sales may plan for expected revenue, manufacturing can plan for expected costs of goods sold, and finance can plan for expected profits.

Several financial calculations, like the break-even point and cost variance analysis, rely on the planned factory-overhead rate, thus it’s crucial for business leaders to be aware of this number.

Standard costs and variations are calculated using factory overhead rates that are factored into the budget.

## Budgeted Factory Overhead Rate: How to Figure It Out

A manufacturing overhead rate can be estimated by dividing the entire anticipated overhead expenditures for a certain time period (often a year) by the anticipated total number of direct labor hours for that time period.

A sample Factory Overhead Rate Budget is provided below.

Annual factory expenses are estimated at \$675,000, with 1,200,000 hours of direct work anticipated.

Factory Overhead Rate =.05 x Budgeted Hourly Rate = \$675,000 / 1,200,000 Hours

Hours Worked by Humans, Hours Worked by Machines, and Hours Estimated to Be Worked

Budgeted labor hours are sometimes substituted for Direct labor hours when determining Factory Overhead Rates.

Manufacturers may also use the terms “Budgeted Machine Hours” or “Budgeted Machine Availability.” A direct labor hour is the time spent on a project by employees who are paid an hourly rate.

No matter how many people work on a project or how much they get paid per hour, the budgeted labor hour is the total number of hours projected to be performed by all employees on the project.

How much time will be spent using each machine is factored into both the Budgeted machine hours and the Budgeted machine availability.

Factory overhead expenses can vary depending on factors like industry and company size. Rates for manufacturing overhead can be budgeted, letting you:

Distribute company costs to the relevant divisions

Future Period Budgeting

When a Factory Overhead Rate Should Not Be Used

You may not be able to apply a planned factory-overhead rate in cases when factory overhead costs fluctuate from period to period.

Because it is not reflective of real factory overhead expenses for the year, a planned factory-overhead rate shouldn’t be used by companies with high start-up costs.

Factory overhead rates included in the annual budget allow for reliable planning throughout the year.

Calculating factory overhead expenses using the budgeted rate is an objective and exact way, while alternative methods may be less precise and more difficult to monitor.

Because manufacturing overhead rates aren’t known until the end of the budgetary period, unexpected costs may not be accounted for.

How to Determine the Most Appropriate Factory Overhead Rate for a Given Budget

Determine the percentage of total factory overhead that has been allocated to each division. This method is more laborious to monitor, but it reveals a more accurate picture of how each division of the factory is spending its money.

Direct labor hours are typically used as the basis for calculating factory overhead rates in the budget.

For businesses that run various amounts of machinery or equipment at different periods of the year, budgeting overhead expenditures based on machine hours is another approach to explore.

## The Summing Up

Accounts payable, finance managers, and business owners can all benefit from knowing and understanding the budgeted Factory Overhead Rates.

Budgeted Factory Overhead Rates are another helpful tool for gaining insight into business expenses and their impact on a company’s bottom line.

Factors like the break-even point and product pricing can be calculated with the help of the budgeted factory-overhead rate.

However, it is essential to accurately calculate the budgeted factory overheads rates in order to successfully steer the business.